Uranium Mining - A Risky Experiment
Keep the Ban on Uranium Mining in Virginia
Uranium mining shelved in Virginia—for now
Facing political realities, the company that has been pushing to develop a uranium mine in southern Virginia has put its plans on hold. That should bring a sigh of relief to the 1.1 million people in Virginia and North Carolina whose water supplies would be downstream from the mining operation and its waste, which remains radioactive for thousands of years. After Governor-elect Terry McAuliffe took a bold stance on this issue and pledged to veto any pro-uranium legislation that reached his desk, the parent company of Virginia Uranium, Inc., disclosed that it is suspending its campaign to repeal the state’s longstanding ban on uranium mining. Working with a broad coalition of local governments, business leaders, health advocates, and conservation groups, SELC has been a leading defender of the ban and will continue to educate decision-makers about the health and environmental risks of lifting the freeze. We will also continue to highlight a National Academy of Sciences study that confirmed many of our concerns about uranium mining in Virginia, where hurricanes, heavy rains, and other severe weather events can overwhelm waste systems.
In 2007, Virginia Uranium, Inc. went public with plans to exploit a major uranium deposit in Pittsylvania County, in southern Virginia. The operation would entail extensive mining, a milling facility, and disposal of massive amounts of waste that would leave a toxic and radioactive legacy for centuries.
The deposit at the Coles Hill farm was discovered years ago, but in 1982, the Virginia legislature enacted a statewide ban on uranium mining that still exists today. The industry failed to secure the support it needed to introduce legislation to repeal the ban in the 2012 General Assembly, but it mounted an intensive lobbying effort and introduced legislation in 2013. After a groundswell of opposition from local governments and business, health, and environmental groups, the legislation was pulled due to lack of support.
SELC is at the forefront of a statewide citizen effort, the Keep the Ban Coalition, to ensure the ban stays in place.
Uranium Mining: A Dangerous Proposal
Uranium occurs naturally in the ground, but when exposed to air and water, radiation is released into the environment. There is no precedent for large-scale uranium mining in the East, where the population density and a wet climate increase the chance of radiation contaminating streams and groundwater and exposure to humans.
In the last century, the Commonwealth has been hit by at least 78 category-strength hurricanes, including Hurricane Camille in 1969, which dumped 31 inches of rain on central Virginia. In 2011, at least 37 tornadoes were recorded in Virginia, including one in Halifax County about 20 miles from the Coles Hill site. And in August, 2011, an earthquake of 5.8 magnitude rocked Virginia; its epicenter was just 125 miles from Coles Hill.
Virginia has no regulations for uranium mining, and, with less than 1% of the state's general fund revenues dedicated to environmental programs, is ill-prepared to sufficiently oversee the industry. The federal government has virtually no experience regulating uranium mining in a wet climate.
The only peer‐reviewed study of the issue, conducted by the National Academy of Sciences, validates many of our concerns, including risks to water quality from radioactive tailings, and the fact that current federal regulations are inadequate to protect public health and the environment from potential impacts of uranium mining in Virginia. The National Academy’s work provides clear, objective evidence that the state’s ban on uranium mining should not be lifted.
High Health and Economic Risks
The potential health impacts of exposure to uranium and mining chemicals are well-documented in global studies of people working in and living near mines, and include lung cancer, bone cancer, leukemia, birth defects, weakened immune systems, hormone disruption, and damage to DNA, the kidneys and the liver.
Virginia Beach, which gets its drinking water from Lake Gaston, downstream of the Coles Hill site, released a study concluding that a catastrophic failure of a uranium waste containment structure at the site could contaminate the city's drinking water for as long as two years.
Establishment of a uranium industry in southern Virginia would strangle efforts to diversify the region's economy and threaten existing businesses--including agriculture, tourism, and recreational fisheries. As one study showed, the costs to Virginia in a worst-case disaster are almost double the benefits of the best-case economic scenario.
One of America's Most Endangered Rivers
The potential for mining uranium exists throughout the state; in the early 1980s, the industry leased hundreds of properties in Culpeper, Fauquier, Henry, Madison, Orange, Patrick, and Pittsylvania counties.
But the focus now is on the Coles Hill site in Pittsylvania County, located in the heart of the Roanoke River watershed. In May 2011, American Rivers named the Roanoke one of the 10 most endangered rivers due to the threat of uranium mining.
SELC continues to work with the Keep the Ban Coalition and others to educate Virginia citizens and lawmakers about the dangers of uranium mining and to press the state to keep the ban.
SELC and its Keep the Ban coalition partners have run ads in the Danville Register & Bee and Chatham Star-Tribune extolling the environmental and economic assets of Southern Virginia that could be compromised should the current ban on uranium mining in Virginia be lifted. These ads focus on the tourism, recreational and agricultural riches of the region, and point out that over 60 governments, businesses, and organizations have passed resolutions to support continuation of the ban. See the ads (PDF):
Sunday Q&A with SELC's Cale Jaffe (Richmond Times-Dispatch)