North Carolina water fact sheet footnotes

1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2013. Water: Streams. Accessed at

2, 9 Declaration of Jovian Sackett at 8-9, South Carolina Coastal Conservation League v. Wheeler, No. 2:20-cv-01687-BHH (D.S.C. May 21, 2021), ECF No. 119-50.

3 John Flescher, New Rule May Strip Pollution Protections from Popular Lakes,

Washington Post, Sept. 27, 2020.  Accessed at

4, 5, 6, Calculations from EPA Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS). 2020. Accessed at AND U.S. Census Bureau (USCB). 2020 Population and Housing State Data. Accessed at

7, 8 EPA and U.S. Department of the Army. 2018. Economic Analysis for the Proposed Revised Definition of “Waters of the United States”. p219-221. Accessed at

10 EPA and U.S. Department of the Army. 2015. Economic Analysis of the EPA-Army Clean Water Rule. p53-54. Accessed at

11 U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and U.S Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. 2011. National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife Associated Recreation – North Carolina. p5-8. Accessed at

12, 14 National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 2015. Fisheries Economics of the United States. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA. p13, 132, 150. Accessed at

13 Jane Harrison, Amy Pickle, Tibor Vegh, and John Virdin. 2017. North Carolina’s Ocean Economy. Duke University and Sea Grant North Carolina. p8,12. Accessed at


15 TNS TravelsAmerica and U.S. Travel Association. 2017. Tourism Economic Fast Facts. Accessed at

16 Brewers Association. 2020. Economic Impact by State. Accessed at  AND

17 Fruit Growers New. 2017.