Virginia water fact sheet footnotes

1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2013. Water: Streams. Accessed at

2, 8 Declaration of Jovian Sackett at 8-10, South Carolina Coastal Conservation League v. Wheeler, No. 2:20-cv-01687-BHH (D.S.C. May 21, 2021), ECF No. 119-50.

3 John Flescher, New Rule May Strip Pollution Protections from Popular Lakes,

Washington Post, Sept. 27, 2020.  Accessed at

4, 5, 6, Calculations from EPA Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS). 2020. Accessed at AND U.S. Census Bureau (USCB). 2017 Population and Housing State Data. Accessed at

7 EPA and U.S. Department of the Army. 2018. Economic Analysis for the Proposed Revised Definition of “Waters of the United States”. p219-221. Accessed at

9 EPA and U.S. Department of the Army. 2015. Economic Analysis of the EPA-Army Clean Water Rule. p53-54. Accessed at  

10 U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and U.S Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. 2011. National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife Associated Recreation – Virginia. p5-8. Accessed at

11 Brewers Association. 2020. Economic Impact by State. Accessed at AND

12 Frank, Rimerman and Co. LLP. 2017. The Economic Impact of Wine and Wine Grapes of the State of Virginia. Accessed at